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School Age Education 

Individuals with Down syndrome are diverse learners and develop at their own pace. Research has demonstrated that people with Down syndrome can achieve and benefit from rich academic opportunities and therapeutic interventions in environments conducive to their individual educational needs. It is important for parents, educators and service providers to maintain high standards and expectations for youth and adults with Down syndrome.

TheIndividuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is an important piece of civil rights legislation that details the rights of an individual with a disability to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE). IDEA is the federal law which governs how states and public agencies provides early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible youth and adults with disabilities.

A free appropriate public education (FAPE) requires that students receive special education and related services that meet their unique needs and prepare them for adult life, including post-secondary options.

IDEA guarantees that each child will be educated in the least restrictive environment (LRE), which means that a student who has a disability should have the opportunity to be educated with typical peers, to the maximum extent possible, in a general education classroom, in the school that they would attend if they did not have a disability.

Under IDEA, an Individualized Education Program (IEP) must be developed by a team of professionals, including the parents, that defines the special education and related services that are necessary for the child to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum and to meet each of the child’s other educational needs as a result of the disability.

Family involvement is paramount to the overall growth, development and success of their child. It is important for parents to fully understand the educational system, services and rights that are afforded to families and students with exceptional needs. Parents play a key role in the education of their child and should be respected as a valued member of the IEP team.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework for designing curricula that enable all individuals to gain knowledge, skills, and enthusiasm for learning. UDL provides rich supports for learning and reduces barriers to the curriculum while maintaining high achievement standards for all. UDL addresses the need for multiple approaches to meet the needs of diverse learners. View UDL Resources

Assistive Technology is any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. AT service is directly assisting an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. The Assistive Technology Act of 1988 is the law governing assistive technology in the United State of America (it was renewed in 1998).


Graphic Organizers
Homework Tips for the Learning Disabled 
Organization Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities  


A Composite of Laws Search Engine (California Education Code)
California Education Laws, Regulations & Waivers 
Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education
California Parent Center
Center for Development & Learning
Council for Exceptional Children  
Disability Rights Education Fund   
EDLAW Center 
Exceptional Family Resource Center Educational Resources 
National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education 
Online Homework Help (San Diego County Library) 
PACESETTER Special Education Newsletter 
Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educational Rights 
Regional Resource Center Program 
Resources in Special Education Library  
San Diego Braille Institute 
San Diego Homeschooling 
Team of Advocates for Special Kids 
U.S. Department of Education 
U.S. Office of Special Education Programs  


La educación primaria y secundaria

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